Asylum in Europe

For LGBTI people facing persecution

What is refugees?

According to European Union directive 2004/83/EC, which provides minimum European standard for qualification of third country nationals or stateless persons as refugees: ‘Refugee means a third country national who, owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reason of race, religion, nationality, political opinion or membership of a particular social group, is outside the country of nationality and is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself or herself of the protection of that country…’ Art. 2(c), Directive 2004/83.

Persons persecuted because of their sexual orientation or gender identity should be allowed to seek asylum in European countries. The above mentioned directive makes it clear that “a particular social group might include a group based on a common characteristic of sexual orientation”. However, NGOs working in the field of asylum are facing an increasing number of cases where international protection is denied to LGBT people actually facing persecution and threats on their lives.

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What is ILGA-Europe doing and what can we do?
ILGA-Europe is determined to better monitor the implementation of EU law, in order to report violations to the European institutions. ILGA-Europe is also willing to facilitate exchanges of experience and information between LGBTI organisations dealing with asylum issues, in order to help them to frame their advocacy at national level, including their mobilisation strategies in case of emergencies.

Read more here.

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Joël Le Déroff, Policy & Programmes Officer, is currently acting as ILGA-Europe’s focal point on asylum issues.

Asylum Country-by-Country

This country-by-country section is a legal tool and a practical resource on LGBTI asylum in Europe. It also provides information on the situation of LGBTI people in non-European countries of origin.

We hope this section will be useful for our member organisations and other groups working on LGBTI asylum issues, and we are as always open for updates and suggestions for improvement.

Click on the country you want information about regarding asylum

Monitoring EU Asylum law

ILGA-Europe is determined to better monitor the implementation of European Union law, in order to report violations to the European institutions. ILGA-Europe is also willing to facilitate exchanges of experience and information between LGBT organisations dealing with asylum issues, in order to help them to frame their advocacy at national level, including their mobilisation strategies in case of emergencies.

Dealing with individual cases of LGBT asylum seekers, and emergencies

What ILGA-Europe can do, and especially what we sadly can not do...

Mailing list for representatives of all ILGA-Europe’s members working with LGBT asylum seekers and refugees

In February 2010, ILGA-Europe launched a mailing list which is intended to facilitate exchange between our members working on asylum issues.

Resources on asylum law and its implementation

In this section, we are gathering resources on the topic.


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