European Region of the International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association

Glossary beginning with G

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G

Gay search for term

A man who is sexually and/or emotionally attracted to men. Gay is sometimes also used as a blanket term to cover lesbian women and bisexual people as well as gay men. However, this usage has been disputed by a large part of the LGBTI community and gay is therefore only used here when referring to men who are emotionally and/or sexually attracted to men.

Gender search for term

Refers to people’s internal perception and experience of maleness and femaleness, and the social construction that allocates certain behaviours into male and female roles.

Gender expression search for term

Refers to people's manifestation of their gender identity. Typically, people seek to make their gender expression or presentation match their gender identity/identities, irrespective of the sex that they were assigned at birth.

Gender identity search for term

Refers to each person's deeply felt internal and individual experience of gender, which may or may not correspond with the sex they were assigned at birth.

Gender reassignment search for term

refers to the process through which people re-defines the gender in which they live in order to better express their gender identity. It is often referred to as a process that may involve medical assistance including hormone therapies and surgical procedures that transpeople undergo to align their body with their gender. This process, however, also includes some or all of the following social and legal adjustments: coming out to family, friends and colleagues; dressing and acting according to one's gender; changing one's name and/or sex on legal documents; and meeting other legal or judicial procedures depending on national law. In P. v S., the ECJ affirmed that gender reassignment is included within the scope of the ground of 'sex' in EU law. 

Gender reassignment search for term

Refers to the process through which people re-define the gender in which they live in order to better express their gender identity. This process may, but does not have to, involve medical assistance including hormone therapies and any surgical procedures that trans people undergo to align their body with their gender.

Gender Reassignment Surgery (GRS) search for term

Medical term for what trans people often call gender-confirmation surgery: surgery to bring the primary and secondary sex characteristics of a trans person’s body into alignment with his or her internal self-perception.

Gender recognition search for term

A process whereby a trans person’s gender is recognised in law, or the achievement of the process.

Gender variant search for term

Can refer to someone whose gender identity differs from normative gender identity and the gender roles/norms assigned at birth.

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