Glossary beginning with C
- Capacity building
The diverse range of activities offered by ILGA-Europe that help our members (and any other relevant stakeholders) to effectively realise political, legal, institutional and social change. We can provide regional training, coaching, re-granting, study visits and various methods of in-country support to strengthen members’ skills. Our capacity building work can be readily adapted to suit the changing needs of the LGBTI movement.
- Civil union
- Cohabitation rights
Two persons living together at the same physical address can, in some European countries (and regions), make a legal agreement on some practical matters (which vary from country to country). The rights emanating out of cohabitation are limited.
The process of revealing the identification of a lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans or intersex person.
- Committee of Ministers (CoM)
The Council of Europe’s decision-making body; composed of the 47 foreign ministers or their Strasbourg-based deputies (ambassadors/permanent representatives). (sub-item of Council of Europe)
- Council of Europe (CoE)
The Council of Europe is Europe’s oldest political organisation, founded in 1949. It groups together 47 countries. Its headquarters are in Strasbourg, France.
Important institutions, bodies or charters:
Committee of Ministers (CoM): the CoE’s decision-making body; composed of the 47 foreign ministers or their Strasbourg-based deputies (ambassadors/permanent representatives).
European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR): is an international treaty to protect human rights and fundamental freedoms in Europe.
European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR): composed of one judge from each of the 47 member states. It makes judgments in respect of possible violations of the European Convention on Human Rights. Where the Court finds that a particular member state has violated the Convention, the government is obliged to take corrective action.
Parliamentary Assembly (PACE): the Parliamentary Assembly has 636 members (318 representatives and 318 substitutes) from the 47 national parliaments of the member states. The Parliamentary Assembly is a deliberate body and holds four week-long plenary sessions a year.
- Council of the European Union
The Council is, together with the European Parliament, one of the legislative institutions of the EU. Each EU country in turn presides over the Council for a six-month period. One minister from each of the Member States attends every Council meeting. Formerly known as the 'Council of Ministers', it is often only referred to as 'the Council'. (sub-item of European Union (EU))
- Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU)
The CJEU is the judiciary of the EU. It reviews the legality of the acts of the institutions of the EU, ensures that Member States comply with their obligations under the treaties, and interprets EU law at the request of national courts and tribunals. The Court is composed of one judge from each EU country, assisted by eight advocates-general. The Court of Justice of the European Union is located in Luxembourg. (sub-item of European Union (EU))
- Custody rights
Where an individual LGBTI person, trans parents or same-sex couple are treated in the same way as different-sex couples and single people when custody of children is discussed.