LGBTI equality and human rights in Europe and Central Asia

Glossary beginning with G

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Click one of the letters above to go to the page of all terms beginning with that letter.


Gay search for term

Refers to a person who is sexually and/or emotionally attracted to people of the same gender. It traditionally refers to men, but other people who are attracted to the same gender or multiple genders may also define themselves as gay

Gender search for term

Refers to a social construct which places cultural and social expectations on individuals based on their assigned sex.

Gender expression search for term

Refers to people's manifestation of their gender identity to others, by for instance, dress, speech and mannerisms. People’s gender expression may or may not match their gender identity/identities, or the gender they were assigned at birth.

Gender identity search for term

Refers to each person’s deeply felt internal and individual experience of gender, which may or may not correspond with the sex assigned at birth, including the personal sense of the body (which may involve, if freely chosen, modification of bodily appearance or function by medical, surgical or other means) and other expressions of gender, including dress, speech and mannerisms.

Some people's gender identity falls outside the gender binary, and related norms

Gender reassignment search for term

Refers to the process through which people re-define the gender in which they live in order to better express their gender identity. This process may, but does not have to, involve medical assistance including hormone therapies and any surgical procedures that trans people undergo to align their body with their gender.

Gender Reassignment Surgery (GRS) search for term

Medical term for what trans people often call gender-confirmation surgery: surgery to bring the primary and secondary sex characteristics of a trans person’s body into alignment with his or her internal self-perception.

Gender recognition search for term

A process whereby a trans person’s gender is recognised in law, or the achievement of the process.

Gender variant search for term

Can refer to someone whose gender identity differs from normative gender identity and the gender roles/norms assigned at birth.

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