LGBTI equality and human rights in Europe and Central Asia

Glossary beginning with H

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Click one of the letters above to go to the page of all terms beginning with that letter.


Hate crime search for term

Offences that are motivated by hate or by bias against a particular group of people. This could be based on gender, gender identity, sexual orientation, ethnicity, religion, age or disability. Also called bias crime.

Hate speech search for term

Refers to public expressions which spread, incite, promote or justify hatred, discrimination or hostility towards minorities.

Heteronormativity search for term

Refers to the set of beliefs and practices that consider gender to be an absolute, unquestionable binary, and therefore describe and reinforce heterosexuality as a norm.

It implies that people’s gender, sex and sex characteristics are by nature and should always be aligned, and therefore heterosexuality is the only conceivable sexuality and the only way of being ‘normal’.

Homophobia search for term

Fear, unreasonable anger, intolerance or/and hatred directed towards homosexuality.

Homosexual search for term

People are classified as homosexual on the basis of their gender and the gender of their sexual partner(s). When the partner’s gender is the same as the individual’s, then the person is categorised as homosexual. The term focuses on sexuality rather than on identity and may, in some contexts, have a negative and pathologising connotation. 

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