LGBTI equality and human rights in Europe and Central Asia

OSCE and LGBTI rights

Find in this section resources related to LGBTI rights, in particular hate crime and information on ILGA-Europe's advocacy work at the OSCE - Organization for Security and Co-orperation in Europe.

December 2009 adopted a groundbreaking decision on combating hate crime(OSCE - Decision No. 9/09: Combating Hate Crimes). All participating States agreed on an inclusive definition of its scope, “acknowledging that hate crimes are criminal offences committed with a bias motive”.

ILGA-Europe and other organisations such as the International Commission of Jurists, the Council for Global Equality and COC Netherlands have coordinated their advocacy to make sure that homophobic and transphobic crimes would not be left aside of the scope of the decision.

The adoption of such a text in the OSCE context requires a consensus, and some participating States, including the Holy See, are traditionally opposed to all kind of explicit recognition of LGBT fundamental rights. However, the negotiations that led to the adoption of the decision showed a clear shift.

The Swedish Presidency of the European Union, on behalf of the 27 Member States, insisted that “sexual orientation and gender identity” is an integral part of the definition of hate crimes and should explicitly be recognised as such. EU States have thus taken the lead of a coalition promoting the recognition of LGBT rights within the OSCE context.

For more information, contact Katrin Hugendubel, Advocacy Director