LGBTI equality and human rights in Europe and Central Asia

Annual Review 2020

Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex People

ILGA-Europe’s Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex People covering events that occurred in Europe and Central Asia between January-December 2019. 

The Annual Review is ILGA-Europe’s annual publication documenting legal, political and social developments in 54 countries and 4 European institutions over the past calendar year. It is a unique report tracking key positive and negative trends in relation to LGBTI equality and human rights in Europe and Central Asia. Click here for the full report.

This year’s review paints a complex picture that diverges from the widespread narrative that all is well for LGBTI people in large parts of Europe. Read more on our press release.


Full report


Country reviews

Highlights, Key Developments and Trends

Over the past decade, as we have compiled our annual review of the human rights of LGBTI people in Europe, and more recently Central Asia, we have identified trends that are happening on a macro level, issues that are bubbling up to the surface and others that are clear and present. We have also paid attention to the ways in which these trends, both positive and negative, have affected the lived reality of LGBTI communities and individuals in the region, although we acknowledge that it is impossible to capture the entire picture in all its complexity.

Albania

Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Intersex People in Albania covering the period of January to December 2019

Andorra

Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Intersex People in Andorra covering the period of January to December 2019

Armenia

Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Intersex People in Armenia covering the period of January to December 2019

Austria

Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Intersex People in Austria covering the period of January to December 2019

Azerbaijan

Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Intersex People in Azerbaijan covering the period of January to December 2019

Belarus

Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Intersex People in Belarus covering the period of January to December 2019

Belgium

Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Intersex People in Belgium covering the period of January to December 2019

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Intersex People in Bosnia and Herzegovina covering the period of January to December 2019

Bulgaria

Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Intersex People in Bulgaria covering the period of January to December 2019

Croatia

Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Intersex People in Croatia covering the period of January to December 2019

Cyprus

Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Intersex People in Cyprus covering the period of January to December 2019

Czech Republic

Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Intersex People in Czech Republic covering the period of January to December 2019

Denmark

Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Intersex People in Denmark covering the period of January to December 2019

Estonia

Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Intersex People in Estonia covering the period of January to December 2019

Finland

Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Intersex People in Finland covering the period of January to December 2019

France

Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Intersex People in France covering the period of January to December 2019

Georgia

Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Intersex People in Georgia covering the period of January to December 2019

Germany

Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Intersex People in Germany covering the period of January to December 2019

Greece

Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Intersex People in Greece covering the period of January to December 2019

Hungary

Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Intersex People in Hungary covering the period of January to December 2019

Iceland

Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Intersex People in Iceland covering the period of January to December 2019

Ireland

Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Intersex People in Ireland covering the period of January to December 2019

Italy

Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Intersex People in Italy covering the period of January to December 2019

Kazakhstan

Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Intersex People in Kazakhstan covering the period of January to December 2019

Kosovo*

Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Intersex People in Kosovocovering the period of January to December 2019

Kyrgyzstan

Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Intersex People in Kyrgyzstan covering the period of January to December 2019

Latvia

Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Intersex People in Latvia covering the period of January to December 2019

Liechtenstein

Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Intersex People in Liechtenstein covering the period of January to December 2019

Lithuania

Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Intersex People in Lithuania covering the period of January to December 2019

Luxembourg

Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Intersex People in Luxembourg covering the period of January to December 2019

Malta

Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Intersex People in Malta covering the period of January to December 2019

Moldova

Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Intersex People in Moldova covering the period of January to December 2019

Monaco

Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Intersex People in Monaco covering the period of January to December 2019

Montenegro

Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Intersex People in Montenegro covering the period of January to December 2019

Netherlands

Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Intersex People in the Netherlands covering the period of January to December 2019

North Macedonia

Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Intersex People in North Macedonia covering the period of January to December 2019

Norway

Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Intersex People in Norway covering the period of January to December 2019

Poland

Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Intersex People in Poland covering the period of January to December 2019

Portugal

Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Intersex People in Portugal covering the period of January to December 2019

Romania

Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Intersex People in Romania covering the period of January to December 2019

Russia

Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Intersex People in Russia covering the period of January to December 2019

San Marino

Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Intersex People in San Marino covering the period of January to December 2019

Serbia

Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Intersex People in Serbia covering the period of January to December 2019

Slovakia

Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Intersex People in Slovakia covering the period of January to December 2019

Slovenia

Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Intersex People in Slovenia covering the period of January to December 2019

Spain

Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Intersex People in Spain covering the period of January to December 2019

Sweden

Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Intersex People in Sweden covering the period of January to December 2019

Switzerland

Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Intersex People in Switzerland covering the period of January to December 2019

Tajikistan 

Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Intersex People in Tajikistan covering the period of January to December 2019

Turkey

Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Intersex People in Turkey covering the period of January to December 2019

Turkmenistan

Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Intersex People in Turkmenistan covering the period of January to December 2019

United Kingdom

Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Intersex People in United Kingdom covering the period of January to December 2019

Ukraine

Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Intersex People in Ukraine covering the period of January to December 2019

Uzbekistan

Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Intersex People in Uzbekistan covering the period of January to December 2019


Institutional reviews

United Nations

Annual Review of United Nations covering the period of January to December 2019

Council of Europe

Annual Review of Council of Europe covering the period of January to December 2019​

European Union

Annual Review of European Union covering the period of January to December 2019​

Organization for Security and Cooperation and in Europe

Annual Review of Organization for Security and Cooperation and in Europe covering the period of January to December 2019​


We always strive to develop our rigorous data collection system. Read here about data collection and presentation. 

This publication would not have been possible without the voluntary work of human rights defenders in the 54 participating countries. Read here our acknowledgement.

Full report.


Previous editions:

This edition of ILGA-Europe’s Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex People covers events that occurred between January-December 2018. 

This edition of ILGA-Europe’s Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex People covers events that occurred between January-December 2017. 

The sixth edition of ILGA-Europe’s Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex People covering events that occurred between January-December 2016. 

The fifth edition of ILGA-Europe’s Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex People covering events that occurred between January-December 2015. 

ILGA-Europe’s Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex People covering events that occurred between January-December 2014.

This edition of ILGA-Europe’s Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex People covers events that occurred between January-December 2013.

This edition of ILGA-Europe’s Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex People covers events that occurred between January-December 2012.

The very first edition of ILGA-Europe’s Annual Review of the Human Rights Situation of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex People covering events that occurred between January-December 2011.